So based on enough time it takes for the 2011 cost hikes to soak up into the economy, 2012 is usually shaping up to become an expensive year for food, regardless of how you crunch the quantities. Based on the US Department of Agriculture , the entire inflation rate for food in most categories shall not be as high as last year. However, an inflation rate is not exactly like inflation itself, meaning that charges for fruits, vegetables, cereals, and baked goods are still likely to rise in 2012 by from 3 to 4 %, even if this price is less than last year’s rate. In response to the increasing costs of food, restaurants’ primary focus into the new year is to improve value pricing options for customers, based on the NRN report.Mujugira, J.M. Baeten, J.We. Mullins, J.P. Hughes, E.A. Bukusi, C.R. Cohen, E. Katabira, A. Ronald, J. Kiarie, C. Farquhar, G.J. Stewart, J. Makhema, M. Essex, E. Had been, K.H. Fife, G. De Bruyn, G.E. Gray, J.A. McIntyre, R. Manongi, S. Kapiga, D. Coetzee, S. Allen, M. Inambao, K. Kayitenkore, E. Karita, W. Kanweka, S. Delany, H. Rees, B. Vwalika, W. Stevens, M.S. Campbell, K.K. Thomas, R.W. Coombs, R. Morrow, W.L.H. Whittington, M.J. McElrath, L. Barnes, R. Ridzon, and L. Corey for the Partners in Prevention HSV/HIV Transmission Research Team: Acyclovir and Transmission of HIV-1 from Persons Contaminated with HIV-1 and HSV-2 The seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 , the most typical cause of genital ulcer disease worldwide, is 60 to 90 percent in populations with individual immunodeficiency virus type 1 .1 Clinical manifestations of HSV-2 range from unrecognized or mild genital symptoms in most persons with HIV-1 infection to severe genital ulcer disease in individuals with advanced HIV-1 disease.2,3 Genital shedding of the herpes simplex virus occurs on up to 30 percent of days in people infected with HIV-1, often if they have no symptoms or observable lesions.4,5 Epidemiologic and Laboratory research claim that HSV-2 may increase the infectiousness of HIV-1.